Stem cell Therapy for Stroke in Bangalore.
What is a Stroke?
A stroke happens when blood flow to a portion of the brain stops.
A stroke is sometimes called a ‘brain attack’.
If the blood flow is stopped for longer than a few seconds, the brain cannot get blood and oxygen resulting in death of brain cells and causing permanent damage to the brain.
Other names for a stroke are Cerebrovascular Disease, Cerebral Infarction, Cerebral Haemorrhage etc.,
Causes for a Stroke
Two major kinds of strokes – Ischemic stroke and Hemorrhagic stroke.
Occurrence of Ischemic stroke when a blood vessel that supplies blood to the brain is blocked due to blood clot. This may happen because 1. A clot may form in an artery that is very narrow. This is called ‘Thrombosis stroke’
- A clot may break off from any place in the blood vessels of the brain or from any other part of the body and move to the brain. This is called an ‘embolic stroke’
Ischemic strokes may be caused by clogged arteries, fat, cholesterol, and other substances which collect on the artery walls forming plaque.
Hemorrhagic stroke occurs when a blood vessel in a part of the brain becomes weak and bursts open, causing blood to leak into the brain.
Risk factors for stroke
- High BP is the number one risk factor for strokes
The other major risk factors are :-
- Arterial fibrillation
- Family history of strokes
- High cholesterol
- Old age
- Unhealthy life style leading to obesity, heavy drinking, smoking, and taking drugs like cocaine etc.,
- Birth control pills increase the chances of having blood clots for women who smoke and are above 35.
Symptoms of Stroke
The symptoms are directly associated with which part of the brain is affected because of stroke.
- Starts suddenly and may be severe
- Occurs when lying flat
- Wakes you up from sleep
- these symptoms worse when you change positions or when you bend, strain, or cough
Tests done for finding the type, location and cause of the Stroke
- Angiogram of the head
- Carotid duplex (ultrasound)
- CT scan of the brain
- Magnetic resonance angiography (MRA)
Other tests include lab tests and ECG
Treatment and Rehabilitation
Stroke is a medical emergency and it is very important for people having stroke symptoms to get to a hospital as quickly as possible. This can save lives and reduce problems after a stroke.
If there is a blood clot, a’ clot busting ‘drug may be given to dissolve the clot.
Other treatments at the hospital depend on the cause of the stroke.
The goal of treatment after a stroke is to help the patient to recover as much functions as possible and prevent future strokes. Neurocyte offers affordable
Stem Cell Therapy Stroke Costs.
Prevention: Patients who have had a first stroke are at high risk of having another stroke. They should take secondary preventive measures like:-
- Quit smoking
- Eat healthy ( follow the ‘Mediterranean diet’)
- Exercise regularly
- Maintain healthy weight
- Limit alcohol consumption
*Take anti- platelet and anti-coagulant medicines if prescribed by doctor
Stem cell therapy for stroke
Numerous clinical trials and studies have been conducted all over the World to know whether stem cell therapy can offer a cure /relief to stroke victims. In a recently concluded preliminary phase 1 clinical trial – 9 stroke patients aged 60 to 80 years where injected bone marrow stem cells (autologus) directly into the damaged parts of the brain showed mild to moderate improvements in walking, use of the hands and other activities. There were also no side effects reported. The trial will now progress to the phase II of the trial after the approvals from the Regulators.
In another study conducted at the All India Institute of Medical Sciences (AIIMS), Delhi, India – 12 stroke patients were injected with bone marrow stemcells (autologus) into the antecubital vein(in the forearms near the elbows). It was found that more than 60% of the patients who were injected with stemcells showed improved activities such as walking, using the toilet, taking a bath, dressing and eating independently within 6 months. PET scans and MRI on the patients who received the stemcells showed that they did not suffer any side effects. The study shows that stem cells are a safe and feasible therapy for acute strokes. However a bigger study with larger groups is required before it can be confirmed.
NeuroCyte Stem Cell Research Center provides best Stem Cell Therapy for Stroke in Bangalore, India.